Lachnolaimus maximus. This wrasse is unusually flat and oval shaped compared to other wrasse, with red irises, and colors that change. The Hogfish, Lachnolaimus maximus. Illustration by Diana Rome Peebles Courtesy of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of. Learn more about the Hogfish – with amazing Hogfish photos and facts on Arkive.

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Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to lachnoliamus. Share this image — Hide sharing options. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hogfish biology Hogfish have a fascinating life history; they are protogynous hermaphroditesmeaning that individuals first lachnolaimue sexually as females and then later, upon reaching a larger size, transform into males 4. Juveniles are often found in seagrass beds in Florida Bay.

Have been reared in captivity Ref.

Hogfish Can ‘See’ with Its Skin | Biology |

A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Reproduction Hogfish are protogynous hermaphrodites. The hogfish is a protogynous”first female” hermaphrodite: Help us share the wonders of the natural world. It is present in the Caribbean and north to Bermuda and the Carolinas and extends southwards to the northern region of the Brazilian Coast. Females, upon reaching larger size and through social dominance, can transform into fully functional males.

Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Parasites Nerocila benrosei n.

Smithsonian Marine Station

Discover Fishes Lachnolaimus maximus. Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity Reproduction Spawning Eggs Fecundity Larvae Monandric no primary malesprotogynous hermaphrodites. Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help!


Previous studies of other color-changing animals including octopuses and cuttlefish suggest the same molecular pathway that detects light in eyes may have been co-opted to sense light in the skin.

Hogfish forage during the day, feeding primarily on gastropods and bivalve molluscsbut also on crabs, sea urchins, and barnacles 2. Common names in other lachhnolaimus include bodiao-de-pluma Portuguesedoncella de pluma Spanishjaqueton blanca Spanishlabre capitaine Frenchodynczyk Polishornefisk Danishpargo gallo Spanishand pez perro Spanish.

High to very high vulnerability 67 of Taxonomy Labrus maximum Walbaum, was the name originally used to describe the hogfish. It mainly feeds on small crustaseans. Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. Modified by Binohlan, Crispina B.

Lachnolaimus maximus – Discover Fishes

This species occurs around reefsespecially preferring areas with plentiful gorgonians. Off the coast of Florida, this spawning event occurs maximis February and March 4.

Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen Ref. It uses its elongate, pig-like snout and large protrusible mouth to root around the bottom substrate for prey.

Males are distinguished by a deep, dark band spanning from the snout to the first dorsal spineas well as by a lateral black spot behind the pectoral fins. Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins Mximus.

Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called ‘spawning rush’: The hogfish is characterized by a large, laterally compressed body shape.


Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins Ref. Published in the Journal of Comparative Physiology Athe results suggest that light-sensing evolved separately in two tissues. Protogynous hermaphrodites An animal that begins its life cycle as a female. The hogfish Lachnolaimus maximus. It possesses a very elongated snout which it uses to search for crustaceans buried in the sediment. Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.

The hogfish can make its skin whitish to blend in with the sandy bottom of the ocean floor and hide from predators or ambush prey. Conservation Although commercial catch rates have decreased over the past seven years off the eastern coast of Florida while remaining stable in the Gulf of Mexico, there is no formal stock assessment for the hogfish.

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 – 30 m Ref. Hogfish form harems; groups of females dominated by a larger male. The hogfish Lachnolaimus maximuslahnolaimus a species of wrasse native to the western Atlantic Oceanwith a range from Nova ScotiaCanada to northern South Americaincluding the Gulf of Mexico.

Young individuals and females are primarily pale gray, brown, or reddish brown with a paler underside. Sign maximuss Guest Book.

It is from this snout and rooting behavior that this fish gets its common name. Entered by Luna, Susan M. Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: