Jatropha gaumeri Greenm.; pomol che’. Tree (or shrub) with milky latex; leaves alternate, simple, broadly ovate, base cordate, margin entire, apex acuminate to. Jatropha gaumeri is a species of plants with 18 observations. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. Genus: Jatropha L. Jatropha gaumeri Greenm. This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico (and Tamaulipas) to.
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Cyperenoic acid 2 has been also isolated from different species of plants as Sandwithia guyanensis Jacobs et al. The water footprint of bioenergy from Jatropha curcas L.
Jatropha curcas is also being studied for use as a carbon sequestration plant in arid regions. The cake resulting from oil extraction, a protein-rich product, can be used for fish or animal feed if detoxified.
Chromatographic purifications were run using silica gel 60 Merck, mesh for open column, silica gel 60 GF for VLC, and silica gel 60 Merck, mesh for flash column. After removal of the organic solvent under reduced pressure, 8 g of the extract was purified by silica gel column chromatography affording Amikacin was used as positive control. Spicy Jatropha Jatropha integerrima. Stock solution of the n -hexanic extract, jatrophone 1 and cyperenoic acid 2 compounds mg mL -1 were prepared in dimethylsulfoxide DMSO.
Jatropha gaumeri Greenm.
Buddha belly plant J. A range of J. Active products appeared as yellow spots against a purple background. The oil from Jatropha curcas is mainly converted into biodiesel for use in diesel engines.
Results and Discussion Isolation and structural identification The antitumor properties of species of the genus Jatropha have been targets of phytochemical studies.
The preliminary results presented here show that jatrophone 1 and cyperenoic acid 2 could be a promising molecule to study for the development of a new cancer treatment. Voucher specimen CGMS The organic layer was washed with water and brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate.
Close-up of Jatropha podagrica. Gastroprotective activity and cytotoxic effect of cyperenoic acid derivatives. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae on Jatropha curcas further its effect on tissue culture and leaf extract for antifungal property. Retrieved 21 June The reaction mixture was passed through a silica gel bed mesh, 3 cm high and the adsorbent washed with CH 2 Cl 2 to produce 18 mg of crude oxidized product.
As with many members of the family EuphorbiaceaeJatropha contains compounds that are highly toxic. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Jatropha gaumeri Greenm. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science
All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Barata and the University of Campinas for the chemical analysis.
Phytochemically, the genus Jatropha is recognized as an important source of numerous structural classes of secondary metabolites, including alkaloids , diterpenes , lignans , triterpenes , and cyclic peptides . Figure 3 shows the curves of the concentration response for the doxorrubicin control drug, hexanic extract, cyperenoic acid and jatrophone terpenes against human tumor cells.
Aceptado el 20 de febrero del Springer-Verlag, 2 nd edition, New York, The FTIR spectrum showed a broad absorption at cm -1 due to the presence of OH group and carbonyl group at cm -1 indicating the presence of carboxylic acid. Compounds jatrophone and cyperenoic acid were isolated from the hexanic extract and characterized by spectroscopic techniques NMR of 1 H, 13 C and IR.
The methanolic extract obtained from the leaves of J. Physic Nut, Jatropha Curcas L. Phytochemistry22 Views Read Edit View history. Acknowledgment The authors are grateful to Dr. This lathyrane-type diterpene was previously isolated from the roots of J. The second, less-polar, fraction showed the presence of two main components having very similar R f values on TLC; all attempts to separate the components in their natural form proved unsuccessful.
All the authors have read the final manuscript and approved the submission. Most of these are native to the Americaswith 66 species found in the Old World.
Table 3 presents the results determined by the in vitro antiproliferative assay with human cancer cell lines. The second component, obtained in pure form, was identified as the triterpene alcohol taraxasterol by comparing its spectroscopic data with those reported in the literature [29,30].
Each fraction 9A, 8. Bioactive Terpenoids from Roots and Leaves of Jatropha gaumeri. No previous reports on in vitro antiprolifrative activity on human cancer cell lines Jatropha ribifolia Pohl Baill. Active products remained as orange spots on a white background.
The cytocidal activity for cyperenoic acid against tumoral growth cells was efficient for three tested cells.
Results and discussion A bioassay-guided purification of the antimicrobial root organic crude extract of J.