A to Z: Hernia, Umbilical. An umbilical hernia is a hernia that happens when part of the intestines bulges through the abdominal wall next to the belly button. An umbilical hernia is diagnosed during a physical exam. Sometimes imaging studies — such as an abdominal ultrasound or a CT scan — are. An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the navel is damaged. It may cause the navel to bulge outwards—the bulge.

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Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. This results in abdominal pain or discomfort. Most umbilical hernias are painless in children. This symptom may not be present when your baby is relaxed. They may also be able to determine what type of hernia is it.

Please accept our privacy terms We use cookies and similar technologies to improve your browsing experience, personalize content and offers, show targeted ads, analyze traffic, and better understand you. For adults, surgery is typically recommended to avoid possible complications, especially if the umbilical hernia gets bigger or becomes painful.

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World Journal of Surgery. Click Image to Enlarge.

Hernia (Umbilical/Inguinal)

The operation can be safely performed in one day. What Are the Symptoms? Inguinal hernias do not occur as frequently among females as they do in males.


Operation and closure of the defect is required only if the hernia persists after the age of 3 years or if the child has an episode of complication during the period of observation like irreducibility, intestinal obstructionabdominal distension with vomitingor red shiny painful skin over the swelling.

In adults, hernias are much more common in females.

Umbilical Hernia

Keep in Mind In most instances, an umbilical hernia causes no pain or problems and usually closes up on its own by age 2. The main symptom is the same — a umbikical or bulge near the navel area.

Umbilival Print Send to a Friend. If the doctor wants to screen for complications, they may request an abdominal ultrasoundX-ray, or blood tests. Merck Manual Professional Version. In some communities mothers routinely push the small bulge back in and tape a coin over the palpable hernia hole until closure occurs.

It may cause the navel to bulge outwards—the bulge consisting of abdominal fat from the greater omentum or occasionally parts of the small intestine.

Can umbilical hernias be repaired? It is important that only the doctor attempts this. Among adults, it is three times more common in women than in men; among children, the ratio is roughly equal.

Find out the symptoms and how it’s treated.

Fear, anxiety and hunger can all contribute. Mount Sinai Hospital recommends waiting three weeks after surgery to engage in heavy physical activity. The chance for recurrence of the hernia may be increased if the intestine was damaged. However, a much smaller amount actually suffered from hernias: For example, failure of the cephalic fold to close will usually result in sternal defects i. All information is for educational purposes only. The surgical tape over the incision should fall off on its own.


Most defects close spontaneously by the age of two. Treatment for cosmetic purposes is not necessary, unless there are health concerns such as pain, discomfort or incarceration of the hernia content. Nearly all umbilical hernias will have closed without surgery by age 5. An umbilical hernia occurs when the opening in the abdominal muscle that allows the umbilical cord to pass through fails to close completely.

Strapping the hernia does not help it to close more quickly and it may be dangerous.

Hernia, Umbilical – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf

Two Cases and a Review of the Literature. These structures are enclosed by the outer layer of amnion. It is not usually painful in children and infants. Long-term follow-up after umbilical hernia repair: The treatment of this condition is essentially conservative: In young children, umbilical hernias often heal without treatment. A recent study tries to pin down the exact molecules involved.

Overview of Approaches and Review of Literature. Register for a free account Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences.