Disease definition. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome characterized mainly by head and facial abnormalities such as bird-like facies ( with. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is characterized by a typical skull shape ( brachycephaly with frontal bossing), hypotrichosis, microphthalmia, cataracts, beaked. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by malformations of the cranium and facial bones, congenital.

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The patient was not able to speak mute but she could hear properly.

Ophthalmologica, Basel, Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues. Skull and face Craniosynostosis: Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum. We need long-term secure funding to provide you the information that you need at your fingertips.

There are major differences but there are also similarities in phenotype, which sustain the suggestion that the syndrome can be caused by disturbed POLR3A functioning. A report of a case.

Hallermann–Streiff syndrome

Br J Ophthal ; She was small for her week gestational age. Views Read Edit View history. A 1-week-old girl of European descent was initially seen with bilateral cataracts.

Government funding, and some supported by private industry, are posted on this government website. For information about clinical trials conducted in Europe, contact: The genetic cause of Hallermann—Streiff syndrome has not been conclusively determined. Regular close ophthalmology follow-up is strongly recommended to identify and treat other eye abnormalities like nystagmus, ptosis and entropion, which may require surgical intervention to avoid developing a lazy eye amblyopia and allow appropriate development of vision.

Cataract and microphthalmos are the most apparent ocular features, but retinal abnormalities may be the primary cause of poor vision. Nine years old female child visited the outpatient department of pediatric dentistry with complain of multiple carious teeth which were asymptomatic.


Congenital heart defects are rare in HSS. August 31, ; Published date: The differential diagnosis of HSS from progeria and progeroid syndromes, mandibulofacial dysostosis, and pseudoprogeria is as follows. In some cases, the head may also be relatively small microcephaly and the cheekbones may be underdeveloped malar hypoplasia. Preauricular sinus and cyst. Variability of clinical signs is typical of HSS. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome associated with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum.

Madelung’s deformity Clinodactyly Oligodactyly Polydactyly.

Macular Retinal Detachment in Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome

Click here to view. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive.

Except for the posterior retinal pigment epithelium temporal to the fovea, the retinal pigment epithelium exhibited a mottled appearance. Sur deux cas de syndrome dyscephalique a tete d’oiseau.

The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist hallermnn should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment. Srinivasan LP, Viswanathan J. It is most likely due to a de novo mutation[6] and it may be associated with the GJA1 gene. Unfortunately the patient had to be admitted to hospital with acute respiratory distress and sreiff not turn up for dental treatment despite multiple reminders.

The presence of these abnormalities is of great help in differentiating this condition from occulodentoosseus dysplasia. Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested halermann. Forsius and de strieff Chapelle found normal chromosomes in 2 cases. Hallermann-Streiff syndrome may be suspected shortly after birth or during the first year of life by the identification of characteristic physical findings and symptoms. Fraser and Friedmann supported dominant inheritance with almost all cases being the result of fresh mutation.


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Hallermann Streiff Syndrome – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Introduction Hallermann-Streiff syndrome was first described in the medical literature in Nasal lipofilling has been used to treat the atrophy of the nasal skin, resulting in improvement in nasal skin color and texture. Johns Hopkins Press pub. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. Other search option s Alphabetical list. It is characterized by bird-like facies, dental abnormalities, hypotrichosis, atrophy of skin, congenital cataracts, bilateral microphthalmia, and proportionate nanism.

Health care resources for this disease Expert centres Diagnostic tests 7 Patient organisations 58 Orphan drug s 0. The craniofacial abnormalities associated with the disorder, such as small nostrils and glossoptosis, can cause obstruction of the upper airway, particularly during the newborn period and infancy. The dental problems need thorough treatment with an interdisciplinary approach. The options available to circumvent the problems during difficult intubation are, awake intubation, intubation over a fiberoptic bronchoscope and intubation under inhalational anesthesia.

Ailments of unknown cause Rare diseases Syndromes affecting the eyes Congenital disorders of eye, ear, face and neck Congenital disorders of musculoskeletal system Syndromes affecting stature.