He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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The Nazis, led by Adolf Hitler, demanded not only the geographic reversion of Germany’s post-war borders to recuperate territory lost per the Treaty of Versaillesbut demanded the German conquest and colonisation of Eastern Europe whether or not those lands were German before Space, for Ratzel, was a vague concept, theoretically unbounded.

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In the process this region came to be seen not as a tatzel mix of ethnic groups located in specific territories, each with its own distinct history and culture, but simply as ‘space’ Raum. However, it is important to realize that Ratzel was not concerned primarily with national policy. Upon his return inRatzel became a lecturer in geography at the Technical High School in Munich. Until then, states with their borders were considered static, bound to a certain geographic location.

Education in Nazi Germany.

His early concept of Lebensraum did not consider political or economic expansion, but rather spiritual and racial nationalist expansion. The Gestapo and German Society: After the war he studied briefly at Munich with the naturalist-ethnographer Moritz Wagner, who exerted a strong influence on his lebeensraum career. Inhe accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. This was not an original idea of Hitler’s.


Indigenous persons considered by the Nazis as partly Polonized mainly Silesians and Kashubians ; refusal to join this list often led to deportation to a concentration camp. In he published a thesis lbensraum Chinese emigration, partly from his own experience in America, and in and he published two large books on North America.

Moreover, during the years immediately preceding World War One, the focus of this colonialism shifted from the settlement of overseas colonies to the idea of conquering territory in eastern Europe, and of settling it with German peasants.

A Lifep. Germany would be better off working with Britain and Italy, which appeared to be resisting French hegemony in Europe, against Russia, which could in turn provide Germany’s necessary Lebensraum. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so.

A Biographical Memoir and Bibliography Ratzel, whose early frieddich were in biology and anthropology, was much influenced by Darwinian thinking when linking human societies to their physical environments. After periods of training at several German universities, he received his ph.


This page has been archived and is no longer updated. The German Eastern Imperium had already been—if only for a short time—a reality.

It is a constitutional republic consisting…. After his recovery from wounds suffered in the Franco-Prussian war, he lebensraumm for a short while at Munich, where he met the geologist Karl von Zittel and Moritz Wagner, the curator of the university ethnographical museum, whose ideas on the importance of the migration of species made a lasting impression on him.


Friedrich Ratzel | German geographer |

Dictionary of Modern Arab History. Thus he had experienced the Bolshevik revolution at first hand and became convinced that it was the work of the Jews. His father was the head of the household staff of the Grand Duke of Baden, a position highly regarded at the time. The Moscow metropolis and European Russiaexclusive of Karelia and the Kola peninsulawhich the Nazi’s promised to Finland in Following the outbreak of the war, the Pan-Germans seized the opportunity to present a programme of war aims advocating the seizure of large areas of western Russia.

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Friedrich Ratzel – New World Encyclopedia

What happens to a Russian, to a Czech, does not interest me in the slightest. Banner geographische Abhandlungen Learn More in these related Britannica articles: While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience.

Polish Western Affairs, Vol.