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But the conditions of this unity have to be fully reimagined against the background of a multiplicity and heterogeneity that must be turned from an element of weakness into an elejenti of strength. Per ulteriori informazioni, anche sul controllo dei cookie, leggi qui: Borders play a key role in the production of the heterogeneous time and space of contemporary global and postcolonial capitalism.
Although this proliferation of borders, as we have stressed, is deeply implicated in the operation of old and new devices of dispossession and exploitation, we contend that it is precisely from this point of view that struggles revolving around borders and practices of translation crisscrossing them ri play a key role in fostering the debate on the politics of the common. Our emphasis on heterogeneity is also important for the analysis of what we call with Karl Marx the composition of contemporary living labor, which is more and more crisscrossed, divided, and multiplied by practices of mobility and the operation of borders.
Citizenship is probably the dk example of this, and it is only necessary to reflect on the important connection between citizenship and labor in the twentieth century to grasp the ways the movements of the dyadic figure of the citizen-worker have been inscribed within fconomia national confines of the state.
Although our work charts this process of multiplication of borders, our argument is not that the nation-state has been untouched by globalization. Economua are confronted not only with a multiplication of different types of borders but also with the reemergence of the deep heterogeneity of the semantic field of the border. They also convey, in a glimpse, an idea of the deep heterogeneity of the semantic field of the border, of its complex symbolic and material implications.
Rather, they overlap, connect, and disconnect in often unpredictable ways, contributing to shaping new forms of domination and exploitation.
Symbolic, linguistic, cultural, xloman urban boundaries are no longer articulated in fixed ways by the geopolitical border. This slomaj us to focus not only on traditional international borders but also on other lines of social, cultural, political, and economic demarcation. Around these borders, although often far away from the literal border, some of the most crucial struggles of the present are fought.
Offerta aggregata e domanda aggregata; prodotto potenziale e ciclo economico; breve periodo e lungo periodo; politiche di stabilizzazione. At the same time we focus on elekenti long-term problem of relations between the expanding frontiers of capital and territorial demarcations within the history of modern capitalism. Literal and metaphorical practices of translation have come to be more associated in our minds lsoman the proliferation of borders and border struggles in the contemporary world.
This can paradoxically reinforce the spectacle of the border, which. Karl Marx, il Capitale, libro primo, cap. While we stress the relevance of migration experiences and control regimes from the point of view of the transformations of labor in the Euro-Atlantic world, intervening in the discussion on care and affective labor as well as precarity, we also focus, to make a couple of examples, on the hukou system of household registration in contemporary China and the complex systems of bordering that internally divide the Indian labor market.
: M. Sloman: Books
Economiq, flusso circolare, la composizione del prodotto aggregato, la scomposizione del prodotto pro-capite, la meccanica del pil pro-capite, tasso di partecipazione, tasso di disoccupazione naturale e isteresi. Think of Waziristan, Kashmir, Palestine. This book can be partially read as a contribution to this debate, in which we see some of the most promising conditions for the reinvention of a project of liberation in the global present.
Although multiplicity and heterogeneity are cut and divided by devices of control and hierarchization, it is no less true today that unity is strength to use econonia that marked an epoch in the history of class struggle.
The same is true for states, global political actors, agencies of governance, and capital.
Borders in modernity have played a constitutive role in the modes of production and organization of political subjectivity. To gain an analytical purchase on these processes we interlace multiple gazes and voices, crossing and challenging the North—South divide.
This focus on the deep heterogeneity of the global is one of the distinguishing points we make, in a constant dialogue with many anthropological and ethnographic works as well as with social. Sorting and filtering flows, commodities, labor, and information that happens at borders are crucial for the operation of these actors. Working through citizenship studies, labor studies, as well as more philosophical debates on political subjectivity, we map the tensions and ruptures that crisscross the contemporary figures of both the citizen and the worker.
Violence undeniably shapes lives and relations that are played out on and across borders worldwide. Sostanza di valore, grandezza di valore, forma di valore; Il processo di scambio; Il denaro, ossia la circolazione delle merci; La trasformazione del denaro in capitale: Subjects in motion and their experiences of the border provide a kind of thread that runs through the nine chapters of the volume.
Gone are the days in which a book like.
Elementi di economia
Liberating political imagination from the burden of the citizen-worker and the state is particularly urgent to open up spaces within which the organization of new forms of political subjectivity becomes possible. In the past few years, we have become increasingly uncomfortable with the fixation in many critical border studies as well as activist circles on the image of the wall.
Scambi, valore, lavoro, produzione La merce.
We analyze the evolving shape of border and migration regimes in different parts of the world, looking at the way these regimes concur in the production of labor power as a commodity. New and old forms of war continue to target vast borderlands. We do not propose a comparative analysis of these and other instances. We are aware of many differences that must be taken into account in doing this. This is part and parcel of what we call border as method. Our work on borders is to be read in this sense as a contribution to the critical investigation of actually existing global processes.
La trasformazione del elemwnti in capitale: We are interested in another kind of rlementi production, one that starts from concepts and works on the often unexpected resonances and dissonances produced by the encounters and clashes between these concepts and a materiality that can be very distant from the one within.
Border as Method can therefore also be read as an attempt to contribute to the ongoing discussion on the evolving shape of the world order and disorder.
In the case of the composition of living labor, it points to the strategic relevance of heterogeneity of, for example, figures, skills, legal and social statuses across diverse geographical scales. Again, taking the border as an epistemic angle opens up new and particularly productive perspectives on the transformations currently reshaping power and capital —for instance, shedding light on the intermingling of sovereignty and governmentality and on the logistical operations underlying global circuits of accumulation.
The modern cartographical representation and institutional arrangement of the border as a line—first in Europe and then globalized through the whirlwind of colonialism, imperialism, and anticolonial struggles—has somehow obscured this complexity and led us to consider the border as literally marginal. La funzione esponenziale; la funzione logaritmica La funzione di produzione neoclassica II parte: At the same time, when we speak of the importance of border crossing, we are aware that this moment in the operation of borders is important not just from the point of view of subjects in transit.
The idea presented there of a zero-sum game between globalization and borders insofar as globalization progresses, the relevance of borders will be diminished has been very influential but has been rapidly displaced by evidence of the increasing presence of borders in our present. As many scholars have noted, the border has inscribed itself at the center of contemporary experience.
Karl Marx, il Capitale, libro I, sezione terza, La produzione del plusvalore assoluto capitoli 5, 6, 7, 8. Questo sito utilizza cookie. Again, taking the point of view of the border, we propose a new concept—the multiplication of labor—and we attempt to map the very geographical disruption that lies at the core of capitalist globalization. The Borderless Worldpublished in by Japanese management guru Kenichi Omae, could set the agenda for the discussion on globalization and borders.