Brahmagupta’s Brahmasphutasiddhanta (Volume 1)Correctly Established Doctrine of VOL I (Also Brahmasphutasiddhanta Brahmasphuta-siddhanta). Brahmagupta’s Brahmasphutasiddhanta (Volume 3 In Sanskrit) Correctly VOL 3 SANSKRIT (Also Brahmasphutasiddhanta Brahmasphuta-siddhanta). Brahmagupta was an Ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician who lived of which is Brahma-sphuta-siddhanta (Brahma’s Correct System of Astronomy.

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This current system is based on the Hindu Arabic number system and first appeared in Brahmasphutasiddhanta. The Khandakhadyaka is a practical manual of Indian astronomy of the Karana category. Thanks many times over! Some interesting and useful features which attracted my attention are, the modern notation, anecdotes, footnotes, clarity and brevity in presenting the mathematical arguments.

I had known him since a long time and I read a few of his books in this field. This does not mean that he is completely unrecognized though. Works of Datta Singh have been the main source of inspiration for me in this work. Sudayuman Acharya Hardcover Edition: His final work with triangles concerned Pythagorean triples. Again, thank you very much. The historian of science George Sarton called him “one of the greatest scientists of his race brahmaguptz the greatest of his time. Brahmagupta dedicated a substantial portion of brxhmagupta work to geometry.

Nevertheless, it contained the first clear description of the quadratic sidrhanta the solution of the quadratic equation.

Brahmagupta – Wikipedia

He further gave two equivalent solutions to the general quadratic equation. The difference between rupaswhen inverted and siddhantx by the difference of the unknowns, is the unknown in the equation. At the end of a bright [i. His solution of the equation hinged on a generalization of the work of Diophantus, which is a long and complicated formula that is very important in the study number theory [Diophantine equations is a branch of number theory that concerns equations that only accept integer solutions] Waghmare et al.

In addition to these contributions, Brahmagupta also made contributions to the study of linear and quadratic equations. Rational for the geometric theorems and rules are provided with relevant figures, Parallel rules and examples found in other available work on Ziddhanta Mathematics have been indicated and complete solution of the examples are given in modern notation and symbols for the benefit of the students.

In his work on arithmetic, Brahmagupta explained how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and gave rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots. This theorem can be used to find the diagonals of cyclic quadrilaterals four sided siddhanra whose vertices lie on a circle.


It is an authentic translation of Ganitadhyaya part of Brahmasphutasiddhants, with notes and illustrative siddhanga of Prthudakasvami, The Sanskrit text adopted is the one edited by Ram Swarup Sharma CE brwhmagupta collated with the text, edited earlier CE by Sudhakar Dwivedi. Bhillamala, called pi-lo-mo-lo by Xuanzangwas the apparent capital of the Gurjaradesathe second largest kingdom of Western India, comprising southern Rajasthan and northern Gujarat in modern-day India.

Keep up the great work guys! Verify the characters on the left From: We find in this work, the neat and original methods of interpolation and correction to the longitudes of the aphelia, as also to the dimensions to the epicycles of apsis of the sun and the moon, while a few sidduanta chapters supply what else is necessary to the seven chapters of the first part, to make the whole a complete treatise on Hindu scientific astronomy.


The kingdom of Bhillamala seems to have been annihilated but Ujjain repulsed the attacks. The procedures for finding the cube and cube-root of an integer, however, are described compared the latter to Aryabhata’s very similar formulation.

The perpendicular [altitude] is the square-root from the square of a side diminished by the square of its segment. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a full view of the subject.

He wrote the next work Khandakhadyaka K. Introduction Brahmagupta Brahmagupta the most celebrated mathematician belonging to the school of Ujjain was born in A. He further gives a theorem on rational triangles.

It was also a centre of learning for mathematics and astronomy.

The sum of two positive quantities is positive The sum of two negative quantities is negative The sum of zero and a negative number is negative The sum of zero and a positive number is positive The sum of zero and zero is zero The sum of a positive and a negative is their difference; or, if they are equal, zero In subtraction, the less siddhajta to be taken from the greater, positive from positive In subtraction, the brshmagupta is to be taken from the greater, negative from negative When the greater however, is subtracted from the less, the difference is reversed When positive is to be subtracted from negative, and negative from positive, they must be added together The product of a negative quantity and a positive quantity is negative The product of two negative quantities is positive The product of two positive quantities is positive Positive divided by positive or negative brahmagutpa negative is positive Positive divided by negative is negative.


The book was written completely in verse and does not contain any brahmagpta of mathematical notation. Shri Venugopal has done yeoman service to the mathematical community in presenting a part of Brahmagupta’ s Ganits in the most faithful and commendable manner.

Khandakhadyaka The Khandakhadyaka is a practical manual of Indian astronomy of the Karana category.

Brahmagupta’s Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta VOL I (Also Brahmasphutasiddhanta Brahmasphuta-siddhanta)

A Pythagorean triple can therefore be obtained from ab and c by multiplying each of them by the least common multiple of their denominators. A triangle with rational sides abc and rational area is of the form:. These groups, which were labeled heterodox by orthodox Hindus, generally challenged the Vedas and the Varna class system. Ancient Times top.

Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta – Wikipedia

Prithudaka Svamin wrote commentaries on both of his works, rendering difficult sixdhanta into simpler language and adding illustrations. Brahmagupta’s most famous result in geometry is his formula for cyclic quadrilaterals. He brahmagupya the volume of rectangular prisms, pyramids, and the frustum of a square pyramid.

Brahmasphutasiddhanta The Brahmasphutasiddhanta is a standard treatise on ancient Indian astronomy, containing brahmqgupta four chapters and a total of verses in Arya meter. This work also had a profound impact within India. Addition was indicated by juxtaposition, subtraction by placing a dot over the subtrahend, and division by placing the divisor below the dividend, as in our fractional notation but without the bar.

He was from the state of Rajasthan of northwest India he is often referred to as Bhillamalacarya, the teacher from Bhillamalaand later became the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain in central India.

Brahmagupta gave the solution of the general linear equation in chapter eighteen of Brahmasphutasiddhanta.

Technical terms which have their English equivalents have been translated into English; others have been kept as they are and have been explained. With missionary zeal Shri Venugopal has given brahmaguptx now Brahmagupta’s Ganits.

He lived in Bhillamala modern Bhinmal during the reign of the Chapa dynasty ruler, Vyagrahamukha. They are sidrhanta by rules for five types of combinations: