Ante Ciliga – pronounced “Tsiliga” – became famous to the point of becoming the emblem of the opposition to Stalinism and to “the Bolshevik system” of state. ANTE CILIGA. It is with an extreme discretion that the French press (Le Monde, October 28, ), announced, in some poor lines, the death of Ante Ciliga. The file was just too big and I can’t seem to compress it without losing quality, so I posted it on : The Russian Enigma – Ante Ciliga.
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War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, — The right man for the job was, according to him, the opponent Milovan Djilas.
With the presence of Mensheviks, Left Socialist-revolutionaries, 16 Decists “Democratic Centralism group”and of 3 partisans of Miasnikov, there was “a true illegal Parliament of Russia”.
It hardly caused his enthusiasm: It is at least what Ciliga affirms. It is difficult to imagine a more suicidal policy. Black power and treason to whiteness inside prison walls. Ciliga also wrote with rare understanding of the critical nature of the Kosovo issue in Yugoslavia. Ciliga made the Paris-Zagreb trip, via Turin, Trieste, Pola in Istria – where he remained two months in the family house – then passed by Ragusa Dubrovnik to go to Bosnia-Herzegovina, then from there to Croatia, where he arrived in December Ciliga, under the pseudonym of Zadvornij, played a great part, being member of the political office of the Yugoslav CP.
He launches the idea of a material and political aid in order to come to assistance of the deportees and imprisoned, “under the pressure of the European workers and the democratic movement “.
Anton Ciliga (Obituary)
Included in the book: I’ve edited the entry and uploaded a English pdf version of this. The Revolution of Everyday But since he started contacts with the Russian Trotskyist Opposition 29whose influence within the frameworks of the party grew day after day.
The contingencies of history were such that Ciliga, Croat by language and culture, was successively an Austrian citizen untilthen an Italian citizen until But one must note that Au Pays … offered a devastating critique of Stalinist society and its repression of the worker and peasant masses in Russia. Ante Ciliga died at one of the worst moments in the terrible Serbian wars of the s.
Stanko Dragic, the true person in charge of the group, old member of the central committee of the CPY; Mustafa Dedic, former secretary of the trade-union committee of Herzegovina; Stepan Heberling, coming from Vojvodina; finally Ante Ciliga.
This very strong interest for the problems of Yugoslavia built by Tito was translated in fact by a full engagement in the Croatian nationalist movement, in his “left wing”. In any case, Ciliga became extremely popular apart from Serbia, and was co-opted at the Central Committee of the Yugoslav Communist party. However during the Vth congress of the Cominternwhich had put on the agenda the national question in particular connection with Yugoslavian question, Zinoviev had defined this State as a multinational State dominated by the Bourgeois Serbs and composed of several oppressed people.
He was a sympathizer of the Left Opposition. At 19, Ciliga was undergoing military service in the Austro-Hungarian forces when the Russian democratic revolution of February took place.
In fact, all the work of Ciliga was to make known by all average the its experiment in the Russian insulators and prisons, which was made by the translation of Russian of his book published by Gallimard in spring antr But especially, there were “extremist negators”, of whose Ciliga. Who is he in contact with here?
Victor Zankov and Oreste Glibovskij She died in Moscow in I take the full and whole responsibility for repression of the revolt in Kronstadt”. A lot of them had capitulated after the first quinquennial Plan, which seemed to them a victory against the NEP. Well before one had seen in France the reconciliation between Red and Tricolour flags, the International and the Marseillaiseone had come from there in Dalmatia to alliance of the Croatian Tricolour and red flags, International and the national anthem Our beautiful fatherland Nasa lepija domovina.
And I defend that thesis. The local elections had given it 59 seats. But the divergences with the Trotskyist movement were spread out quickly and openly. He remained a Bohemian in spirit, who needed and used people but never maliciously, who always depended wnte the generosity of others to secure him a place to stay and food.
Their resolution, minority, supported by 15 vote, proclaimed that the bureaucracy was a true class hostile to the proletariat; and thus that only the social revolution could lead to socialism. Ciliga, supported to him in writing that “the union of cliiga corpses social democracy and Stalinism would not produce an alive body “.
Since springthe direction of the Comintern was concerned with ” military question”. Can it were possible that we, who wanted the power Soviet, would fight it?
The national factor definitively took the step on the social factor, nourishing all the adventures of type the nationalist or terrorist. The rich, nationalist peasants preferred to sell their surplus grain to the imperial authorities in Vienna than to assist their national compatriots.
As for the workers, promised to the “gay and cioiga life” of the Stalinist quinquennial plans: He had initially refused cilkga May to form part of a Croatian delegation to take part in the European antibolshevik congress that Goebbels prepared in Vienna.
As a former member of the communist movement and a dissident who had transitioned into a hard-core anticommunist, he was branded a political enemy of the regime in Yugoslavia. The path of Ciliga is far from being summarised with his book. But the desire to studying on the spot the experiments of the Great Russian Revolution carried it.
Ciliga, in this context, continued his activities of “editor “, “person in charge” and “political adviser” of his reviews. In ciligs Struggle for freedomNew York, We thank Arturo Peregalli for us for having communicated a photocopy of it.