The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is a United Nations multilateral treaty whereby sovereign states agree to reduce the incidence of. On the occasion of its accession to the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, adopted in New York on 30 August , the Republic of Argentina. Adopted on 30 August by a conference of plenipotentiaries which met in and reconvened in in pursuance of General Assembly resolution .
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The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness was adopted on 30 August and entered no force on 13 December It complements the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and was the result of over a decade of international negotiations on how to avoid the incidence of statelessness.
Together, these two treaties form the foundation of the international legal framework to address statelessness, a phenomenon which continues to adversely affect the lives of millions of people around the world.
Why the Convention on Statelessness Matters | European Network on Statelessness
The Convention is the leading international instrument that sets rules for the conferral and non-withdrawal of citizenship to prevent cases of statelessness from arising. Underlying the Convention is the notion that while States maintain the right to elaborate the content of their nationality laws, they must do so in compliance with international norms relating to nationality, including the principle that statelessness should be avoided.
By adopting the Convention safe- guards that prevent statelessness, States contribute to the reduction of statelessness over time. The Convention seeks to balance the rights of individuals with the interests of States by setting out general rules for the prevention of statelessness, and simultaneously allowing some exceptions to those rules.
The Convention establishes safeguards against statelessness in several different contexts. A central focus of the Convention is the prevention of statelessness at birth by requiring States to state,essness citizenship to children born on their territory, or born to their nationals abroad, who would otherwise be stateless.
To prevent statelessness in such cases, States may either grant nationality to children automatically at birth or subsequently upon application. Finally, the Convention instructs States to avoid statelessness in the context of transfer of territory.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness – Wikipedia
For all of these scenarios, the Convention safeguards are triggered only where statelessness would otherwise arise and for individuals who have some link with a country. These standards serve reductioj avoid nationality problems which might arise between States.
Pursuant to article 11 of the Convention, in the United Nations General Assembly designated the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as the body to which individuals who claim the benefit of the Convention may apply for examination of their claims and for assistance in presenting them to the relevant authorities.
Even in States which are not parties, the Convention serves as a yardstick to identify gaps in nationality legislation, stahelessness is used statelessneds UNHCR as a basis for the technical advice it provides to Governments. The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is of critical importance today as statelessness persists in some protracted situations and continues to arise in others. Yet as at 1 Decemberonly 37 States were parties to the Convention.
It is essential that the provisions of this Convention be widely known and that all stakeholders engage in efforts to achieve an increase in the number of accessions to the Convention, in order to address the plight of stateless persons around the world.
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Why the 1961 Convention on Statelessness Matters
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